Open-Access Network (OAN)
The OAN stands for the main physical network infrastructure which is handled by numerous providers bringing services to users. In OAN, the owner doesn’t provide services for the network, because they are provided by the independent retail service providers.
It relates to a specific business prototype, in which NIP restricts its actions to an established set of value layers in order to stay away from conflicts of interest. The provider of this kind of network designs open market and a platform for ISP to increase value. Its provider must always stay impartial and self-sufficient as well as provide presently accepted and clear pricing to ISPs on its network.
Nowadays, the open-access model becomes globally accepted because governments and municipalities suppose that the conception of offering competition between providers and the free choice for the subscriber is fundamental. The OAN has also demonstrated to be a possible approach to connect rural areas in which SPs experience difficulties in generating sufficient profit in order to legitimize investing in the network infrastructure.